The cardinal Juan de Torquemada (1388-1468) between Judaism and Islam
The project delves into Juan de Torquemada’s action within the two European contexts he was part of – the Kingdom of Castile ruled by John II and the Roma curia during the pontificate of Pius II – through the study of two writings he composed in relation to those same contexts. I will develop a combined research on the Tractatus contra madianitas et ismaelitas (1450) and the Tractatus contra principales errores perfidi Machometi (1459) in connection to the hugely different perspective adopted by Torquemada towards Judaism and Islam in a highly shaken Europe on these topics in the XV century. The investigation aims at increasing the overall knowledge of Torquemada’s relevance as that of an intellectual dealing with both Judaism and Islam in a very peculiar and countertrend way, if compared to different “tendencies” present in the contexts of reference. In addition, the research will deepen the history of the interreligious relations in the fifteenth century Europe in the face of the several and crucial socio-political and religious changes occurred, in particular regarding the problem of conversion to Christianity.
I will investigate more extensively the role and the influence of Torquemada’s works over these fragile years, in relation to the mentioned topics, after the publishing of the works and the same death of the cardinal considering the transmission of the works through the manuscript (and printed) circulation in order to reconstruct the publishing background.